Delhi Chief Minister Shri Arvind Kejriwal on 17th October made the announcement to bring back the odd even rule in Delhi. The scheme will come into effect from 4th November till 15th November 2019. This is the third time, the Delhi government will be implementing the odd even rule.

Watch our detailed video explaining the 2019 Delhi odd even scheme.

What is the odd even formula?

The odd even rule is a method of control in which access to plying on public roads is restricted based on the last digit of the car number plate.

In this instance, vehicles with registration number ending with an even number (0, 2, 4, 6, 8) will ply during even dates (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10). Similarly, cars with odd numbers ending with (1, 3, 5, 7, 9) can only run on odd-numbered dates (1, 3, 5, 7, 9).

When did odd even rule start in Delhi?

The odd even rule was first introduced by CM Arvind Kejriwal in Delhi on 1st of January 2016. The scheme was mandated in view of the rising air pollution levels in Delhi with AQI (Air Quality Index) rising above the “Hazardous” level (500+).

Delhi Odd Even 2019 | 6 Things You Should Know

Delhi Air Pollution | Odd-Even Scheme
Delhi Air Pollution | Odd Even Scheme
  1. What is the date and time for the odd even scheme?

    The odd even rule in Delhi will be mandated from 4th November 2019 till 15th November 2019 between 8 am to 8 pm except Sundays.

  2. What is the rule for the odd even scheme?

    As per the scheme, vehicles with registration number ending with an odd digit (1, 3, 5, 7, 9) will only be allowed to ply on Delhi roads on odd-numbered dates (1, 3, 5, 7, 9) vis-a-vis all cars with even-numbered license plates (0, 2, 4, 6, 8) will only ply on roads on even-numbered dates (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10).

  3. Who all are included in the odd even rule?

    The odd even rule is valid ONLY on non-transport four-wheeled vehicles. Unlike the previous year, privately-owned CNG vehicles will now come under the ambit of the vehicle rationing scheme. Distinctively, the odd even rule will also be valid on cars registered from states other than Delhi.

  4. Who are exempted from the odd even rule?

    As per the particular, two-wheelers, female drivers, VIPs, politicians, Supreme Court judges defence vehicles, and emergency vehicles (ambulance, fire brigade, police, hearse), are exempted from the scheme. Vehicles ferrying women, school children in uniforms or physically disabled persons are also not included in the odd even rule.

  5. What is the penalty for violating the odd even rule?

    Violation of the rule will result in a penalty of Rs. 4,000 which has doubled from Rs. 2,000 being imposed last year.

  6. Will I be able to utilise public transport during the odd even scheme?

    The Delhi government has mobilised more than 2,000 CNG buses to augment public transport. In fact, UBER has made an announcement to temporarily terminate surge pricing between 4th and 15th November.

Why is the need of the odd even rule in Delhi?

Delhi Air Pollution | Odd-Even Scheme
Delhi Air Pollution | Odd Even Scheme

According to a survey by the WHO (World Health Organisation), the air quality in Delhi ranks as one of the worst amongst 1600 cities across the globe. Air pollution in India is responsible for causing an approximate 1.5 million deaths, making it the fifth-largest killer in India. In fact, Delhi’s poor air quality causes irreversible lung damage to almost 2.2 million children.

The Ministry of Earth Sciences, in a research paper, attributed almost 41% of PM 2.5 (particulate matter) to vehicular emissions in Delhi. On 7th of November 2017, the PM 2.5 levels rose to a severe 999 in Delhi.

As a result, the Delhi government took steps to control the effects of air pollution in the City.

  • Water sprinklers were put to use to settle down the denser heavier particulates in the air
  • Vacuum cleaning of roads was started to control the blowing away of particulates
  • Diesel generators were banned for 10 days across the city except at hospitals and ER wards.
  • Construction and demolition works were halted.
  • The Badarpur plant was shut down temporarily to curb pollution due to coal burning and fly ash.
  • All schools in Delhi were shut down for three days.

Was the odd even scheme successful in Delhi?

Delhi Air Pollution | Odd-Even Scheme
Delhi Air Pollution | Odd Even Scheme

Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago (EPIC) and Harvard University found reductions in pollutants during the noon hours in Delhi. The study revealed that PM2.5 declined by 13% on an average during the odd even scheme.

Studies at IIT and IIM have shown a reduction in pollution in Delhi by 2-3% during the first phase of the scheme in 2016.

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In the second phase, the Delhi government reported a 3% increase in metro ridership. However, A report by CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board) told the NGT (National Green Tribunal) that “prima facie there is no data to suggest that odd even scheme has any impact on the decrease in vehicular pollution…the fluctuations in PM10 and PM2.5 is due to weather and change in wind patterns”

Discussing the implementation of the odd even rule in the future, the Delhi government is looking to improve these numbers and is considering to put over 7.3 million registered two-wheelers in this scheme.

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