Friday, September 22, 2023
HomeFeatured ArticlesGoMechanic InformativeChoose The Best Coolant For Your Car, Here's How!

Choose The Best Coolant For Your Car, Here’s How!

Sweating is how your body gets rid of the excessive heat, and similarly, coolant lowers your car’s engine temperatureWhen a vehicle reaches its operating temperature, the thermostat opens up. Coolant flows through the engine; it absorbs the surplus heat and then disperses it into the air with the help of a radiator.

Working Of A Car Radiator
Working Of A Car Radiator

Earlier, water was used as a coolant. However, there are two downsides to it:

  1. Water has a freezing point of 0 degrees Celsius, which means that if it freezes, the cooling system will get blocked, and it can even create cracks in the engine block.
  2. It can react with the iron in the engine block and form rust. This would eventually choke the radiator and cause the radiator and engine block issues.

What Is Antifreeze/Engine Coolant?

To solve these problems, Antifreeze was invented; an engine coolant is simply a 50-50 mix of Antifreeze and distilled water. This is a magical fluid because it keeps the engine cool in scorching heat and protects it in freezing weather.

To keep your engine healthy, choosing a good quality coolant is necessary. When Antifreeze is diluted with water, it can lower the freezing point of the coolant to about -27 degrees Celsius and raise the boiling to about 127 degrees Celsius. So, how will you know which coolant is the best or which one to choose? Let’s talk about how many types of coolants are there.  

Subscribe To The GoMechanic YouTube Channel

Different Types of Engine Coolant

Today, automotive service providers use three basic types of engine coolant:

• IAT – Inorganic Additive Technology

This distinctive green-coloured coolant protected cooling systems for decades, but it is rarely used as factory fill in modern cars. One reason is the fast depletion rate of its additives, which means it has to be changed more frequently, usually every two years or 40,000 kilometres. 

Silicates also carriers abrasive particles to the water pump, where it wears away pump seals, causing leakage and failure.

• OAT – Organic Acid Technology

Commonly required for vehicles manufactured by VW vehicles and some other automakers, OAT’s are not compatible with other types. Usually orange, yellow, red or purple, OAT coolants are changed every five years or 80,000 kilometres.

• HOAT – Hybrid Organic Acid Technology

Providing the benefits of IAT and OAT, HOAT coolants are primarily orange and yellow and common in modern vehicles. HOAT coolants are typically changed every five years or 2 lakh kilometres

Which Type Of Coolant Is Required For Your Car?

The type of coolant required by your vehicle can now vary by year, make, model, engine and even the country where the car was made.

essential car services
Car Coolant

With so many factors in play, car owners need to know which type of engine coolant is suitable for their vehicle. The owner manual will let you know the type required for your car and the exact volume.

What is MEG?

MEG (Mono Ethylene Glycol) is an antifreeze additive that protects the cooling system from freezing down or boiling up. Every coolant has a different ratio of MEG, and it can define its performance. A 1:1 solution of MEG and water boils at 129 °C and freezes at −37 °C, serving as an excellent coolant in automotive radiators.

What is a Refractometer?

A refractometer is a well-established instrument to measure the MEG content of Antifreeze. It measures the refractive index of liquid, which changes according to the moisture content.

Digital Refractometer
Digital Refractometer

Digital refractometers require a drop of the tested solution to be placed in a well. That well is illuminated by a light source. Usually, an LED light and the meter interpret the light transmission into the refractive index. The MEG percentage of coolant should not surpass a particular value. Given below are the consequences of under or over-concentration of MEG in a coolant.

Under concentration of Antifreeze causes:

  1. Liner or water pump impeller cavitation. 
  2. General Corrosion. 
  3. Deposits on heat transfer surfaces. 
  4. Plugging of the system with corrosion products. 
  5. Freezing and resultant overheating and cracking of blocks, etc. 

Over concentration of Antifreeze causes:

  1. Water pump seal seepage. 
  2. Solder bloom or solder corrosion. 
  3. Hose and gasket seepage. 
  4. Plugging of the system with precipitates or gelled additive. 
  5. Slush formation and resultant overheating.

This valuable piece of information will help you decide the best coolant for your car and keep it healthy in the long run.

Karan Rawat
Karan Rawat
Confucius did not specify moto-journalism when he penned everything in the 6th century B.C. Nevertheless, a proverb from him loosely rendered reads as "fancy something you love, and you will never have to work a single day in your life." My love for anything with wheels is like the moth's desire for the stars, the obsession with something beyond one's reach and means, and in part, we are all remains of unfulfilled dreams.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Trending Articles

GoMechanic Newsletter

[fluentform id="3"]