Global NCAP or New Car Assessment Program will be testing more Indian cars in the coming month of November 2019. This is a part of Safer Cars For India campaign launched by the Global NCAP back in 2014.
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- David Ward, Secretary-General, Global NCAP made this announcement while speaking at the 40th anniversary of the US-NCAP.
- As per the mandate, all cars produced after 1st October 2019 should meet certain minimum parameters for front bound impact and side-bound impact. Moreover, these cars should also meet new pedestrian protection norms. The pedestrian norms will be applicable to all cars by October 2020.
- Back in 2014, the ASEAN-NCAP tested several Indian cars for safety and impact dissipation with many popular cars like Maruti Suzuki Swift, Hyundai i10, Tata Nano and Ford Figo failed the tests and scored zero stars.
- This crash test came as a shock to Indian consumers and sparked awareness for passenger and occupant safety systems in Indian cars.
- To that extent that the Indian government made ABS, a driver-side airbag, reverse parking sensors, a speed warning system and front seat belt reminders a mandatory feature in Indian cars. Autonomous emergency braking and electronic stability control are yet to be mandated by the government.
- As of now, the Global NCAP has tested almost 30 popular Indian cars with the Tata Nexon making headlines for being the first India-manufactured car to score 5 stars in the crash test.
What is BNVSAP (Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program)?
The Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program (BNVSAP) is a proposed New Car Assessment Program for India. Cars sold in the country will be assigned by star ratings based on their safety performance. It will be implemented in phases, according to the plans being drawn up by ARAI (Automotive Research Association of India) and the National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project. The program is underway with high tech state-of-the-art facilities and laboratories being setup up across India.
BNVSAP (With BNVSAP, a star rating system will be introduced based on crash safety performance features. A car will be subjected to offset front crash, side-impact and rear impacts and for the vehicle to clear these tests, it must have the bare essential safety systems like airbags, ABS (Anti-lock braking system), child restraint systems and seatbelt pre-tensioner. With the particular implementation of BNVSAP, Indian car manufacturers will have to introduce crucial safety features with their new offerings. All existing car models sold after October 1, 2019, will have to clear the prescribed BNVSAP tests.
Under BNVSAP, vehicles will be crash tested at 64 km/h for frontal impacts which is the average speed in India.
Points would be awarded to the car based on the safety features in the car like ABS, seat belt reminders, child lock, and Electronic Stability Control. The car testing protocols are defined by ARAI and are as follows:
- Frontal offset testing (64 km/h proposed)
- Side impact testing
- Pedestrian protection testing
- Rear impact testing
- Child dummy dynamic crash testing.